can I use adhesive to put beadboard on the ceiling
You can, but it will probably require some nails to hold the beadboard tightly in place while the glue dries. Otherwise you would have to brace enough of the beadboard to hold it tightly to the ceiling and keep the bracing in place for a while.
Maybe, if you use contact cement.?
For general message board help, click the tab labeled "Tools," and choose "Help" from the dropdown menu.